National Park Desembarco del Granma
National Park Desembarco del Granma is located in Granma province in the Oriente of Cuba.
Ten kilometers southwest of Media Luna the road divides, with Pilón 30km to the southeast and Niquero 10 km to the southwest. Belic is 16 km southwest of Niquero. It’s another 6km from Belic to the National Park entry gate.
National Park Desembarco del Granma protects 27 545 hectares of forests, diffs and reefs alone Cuba’s southern coast, between Cabo Cruz and Pilón. In 1999 it was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Particular karst topography and uplifted marine terraces unique to this area offer some of the most pristine coastal cliffs in the Americas. Of the 512 plants species identified thus far, about 60% are endemic, and a dozen of them are found only here. The fauna is equally rich, with 25 species of mollusk, seven species of amphibian, 44 types of reptil, 110 bird species and 13 types of mammal.
In El Guafe – a nature/archaeological trail -, archaeologists have uncovered the second most important community of ancient agriculturists and ceramic-makers ever discovered in Cuba. Approximately 1000 years old, the artifacts discovered include altars, carved stones and earthen vessels alone with six idols guarding a water goddess inside a ceremonial cave. As far as archaeologists are concerned, it’s probably just the tip of the iceberg.