Alexander von Humboldt National Park
The Alexander von Humboldt National Park, protected area of bigger biodiversity of Cuba and of any island of Caribbean it is located near the city of Baracoa, and it is shared by the counties of the Oriente of Cuba: Holguín and Guantánamo. It is a great park about 70000 hectares.
The Alejandro von Humboldt National Park, constitutes the principal nucleus of the reservation of the biosphere Cuchillas del Toa (occupying more than half of its total area), the biggest and more valuable in the four existent reservations in Cuba. This ecosystem, for its natural beauty, well is meritorious to be compared, in view of the visitors, with a sculptural group of exclusive postcards of mountains, tableland, plains, bays, abundant rivers, and reefs.
As much for its abundance as for its diversity and endemic trait, in the properties of Humboldt the widest and rich species in the Cuban fauna are located. It is worth to highlight among the strangest and valuable the real woodpecker, almost extinct and considered the bird of the wild forests of Cuba, the sparrow hawk caguarero, the almiquí, insectivorous mammal of night habits, the jutía andarás, exclusive rodent of the Oriente of Cuba, besides a dozen of species of amphibians and of a frog, recognized as the pettiest in the world (of about 10 to 11 millimeters in mature stage).
It declared Patrimony of the Humanity in the XXV Meeting of the Committee of World Heritage of UNESCO, taken place in Helsinki, Finland, the Park submits the biggest remainder in the ecosystems conserved in Cuba, of an exceptional beauty and it also constitutes one of the most valuable places for the conservation of the endemic flora in the whole Western Hemisphere.
The natural wealth of the Alejandro von Humboldt National Park, explains the work of guaranteed preservation for the Cuban state, and the support of non-governmental organizations, that which has allowed to expire many tasks that can't be put off as the plantation of more than 60 hectares with kind of trees in danger of extinction, as the Incienso, the zapotillo, the Azulejo and the Ácana.
The Alejandro von Humbolt National Park, in relation to the Direction of the System of Protected Areas of the Ministry of Science Technology and Environment (CITMA), stores 24 percent of the species of the world flora and a conservation state and numbers of endemic trait comparable to those of countries considered among the most important to worldwide scale, as example the Hot Spots, in New Caledonia, to the east of Australia.
Ideal for the nature tourism, this park, the humanity's ecological jewel takes, with justice, the German illustrious scientist's name Alejandro von Humbolt (1769-1859) who for his contributions to the knowledge of the Cuban nature, the second discoverer of the island is considered.