Sagua-Baracoa Massif, valuable of the endemic biodiversity of Cuba
In the Sagua-Baracoa Massif, in the Oriente of Cuba, it’s found valuable reservations of the endemic biodiversity of Cuba and Caribbean.
Separated from the Sierra Maestra by the Río Guantánamo and Valle Central, this major upland region is a complex of seven smaller upland areas: the Altaplanicie de Nipe (995 m), the Sierra del Cristal (1231 m), Meseta del Guaso (862 m), Sierra de Mariana (747), Cuchillas de Moa (1175 m), Cuchillas de Toa (921 m), and the Sierra del Purial (1176 m).
Sagua-Baracoa Massif is also characterized by a predominance of the vegetation of tropical humid forests (latifolios), alternating with forests of pinegroves and also semideciduos forests, shrubby forests of the xerophytic and areas of cultivations, mainly coffee (Arabic Coffea), Cocoa (Teobroma cocoa) and banana (paradisiacal Muse); although they also show up areas of secondary vegetation with trees, bushes and gramineous.
The interaction of these factors of space-time formation gives place to the manifestation of different pedology-genetic processes that embraces from young soils until very evolved soils.
The principal pedology-genetic processes diagnosed in the region are: Sialitization, Fersialitization, Ferro-alitization, Alitization and Ferritization, which have been described for the conditions of Cuba. When carrying out a genetic classification of the soils of Cuba, nine clusters, 16 types and 32 genetic subtypes of floors were identified.