Culture in the Oriente of Cuba
The culture in the Oriente of Cuba is a combination of foreign traditions, where they are included: Spaniards and African in the first place, then it is necessary to mention to Haitian, French, etc. This whole cultural mixture had given to the culture of the Oriente of Cuba its more distinctive form, opening the way to dances and rhythms like the rumba and son, although some of the folk rhythms (as Punto Cubano) have the European music's great influence.
In the Oriente of Cuba, the slavery, phenomenon that leave a social deep print with its legacy of exploitation and violence, finds today reflection in a wide spectrum of cultural manifestations and traditions.
During the colonial stage it was introduced in the Oriente of Cuba diverse religious manifestations, in accordance with the different towns that arrived from África with the coming and going of men. Since then, the Hispanic thing and the African thing constitute the two ethnocultural principal trunks of the citizenship so in the Oriente of Cuba like in the whole country, in which other cultures (Caribbean, American, Chinese and of the rest of Europe) also coincide, with a complex transculturation process and miscegenation that it has resulted in a composition sui generis.
Tumbas Francesas that consolidated as a representative element of the culture of the black slaves that run away from Haiti, looking for residence specifically in towns like Baracoa, Guantánamo, Holguín and Santiago de Cuba ... more info.
Inside these parties of Carnival one can enjoy Santiago's Congo (or Santiago’s Conga) that is not more than a type of music of Carnival peculiar of the city of Santiago de Cuba. The wide and thin drums are among the instruments, the bokuses (similar to the congas), the irons (control drums) and the Chinese trumpet, a similar instrument to the oboe brought to Cuba from China at the end of the XIX century ... more info.
The changüi, musical autochthonous style of Guantánamo, it is another of the cultural traditions of the Oriente of Cuba, where the town of Guantánamo manifests its idiosyncrasy. This musical rhythm is conciderado the origin and the development of the most eminent Cuban rhythms, particularly "Son." ... more info.