Tumba Francesa a tradition on el Oriente de Cuba
La Tumba Francesa, tradition musician-dance, comes as representative element of the culture of the slaves of the Oriente of Cuba, in particular south part: Baracoa, Guantánamo and Santiago de Cuba.
Las Tumbas Francesas, daughters of the coffee growing, overcome thier origins to so early times as the last quarter of the XVIII century in the Island of Cuba, when the planter colonists French and franc-Haitian allowed to their endowments slaves, in particular domestic, to dance and to sing the day of the Patron Saint, or any other festivity with the master's consent.
The name of Tumba because the etymological own meaning of the word - drum, tambú or revel - and French for the identification that their own protagonist (slaves) would keep save with the French master's culture; appropriating of some dances, attires and words of the court Versailles.
As the dialect or language that the songs are interpreted is recognized Spanish and the Creole, with an African strong phonetics loaded by words of the French language and a deep epic sense, of rebelliousness, identity, lyricism, dramatic nature and satire.
The women generally dress, their traditional train and princess cut dresses, with of wide necks and lace fists or embroidered corners, skirts of three big swirl, besides starched thread ‘s petticoats. The feminine head is adorned with handkerchiefs of alive well-known colors as duván and shawls. This society possesses two authentic silk shawls and a stone necklace of glass rock, used by the first queen of this Tumba Francesa.
The men on the other hand, dress very elegant with starchy shirt, vests, tuxedo and pants of French court. All these attires always differentiated them of the rest of the black town councils in Cuba.
From the culinary perspective, it stand out plates that have a traditional character in Cuba: the beef, meat stew, jigote, ajiaco, small pies, fritters of shellfish especially the cod, salted and sweet flour of corn, viandas boiled with garlic sauce, congrí, drinks like the punch, liquor, different rums and desserts among those that stand out the nougats, the rice pudding, etc..
At the present time the French Tumba keeps its effect with the traditions defended by it seventh generation, many of them young people.