Holguin, the City of Parks
Holguin, historical city of the XVIII century, homeland of the Major General Calixto Garcia Iñiguez, located in the northern part of the Oriente of Cuba, takes from its beginning the popular title of City of Parks.
This title comes given by its urban structure because its center part is constituted by five parks in block and in the parallel line from north to south: Calixto García Park (Oldest Barrack Square), Julio Grave de Peralta Park (Las Flores Park), San Jose Park (Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Park), Marti Park (Victoriana de Avila Park), Infantile Park (Rubén Bravo Park)
In the surroundings of those these seats It’s grouped the most important houses and public and commercial establishments of the Holguin City responding to the economic and social interests, besides the evolution and splendor of the urban parcel.
Holguin constitutes one of the richest scenes in the nature in Cuba. High mountains, fertile plains and beaches of fine sands are alternated in the landscape of Holguin, county of singular beauty and attractiveness multiple. It was in this area of Cuba (Bariay) where the admiral Cristóbal Colón disembarked in 1492 that was fascinated by the beauty of this place.
Holguin is the fourth bigger county of Cuba, with extension of 9 300.6 Km² according to National Cadaster with date December 31, 2001 that it represents 8,6% of the total surface of the Island of Cuba, having 14 municipalities in which 1111 populational establishments are located, of them 43 urbans.
Along its more than 40 kilometers of coasts, Holguín has 41 beaches. Among them those of Guardalavaca, Esmeralda, and Playa Pesquero are specially prodigal in interesting underwater scenes and generate growing attraction among visitors.
The so-called the archaeological capital of Cuba, Banes, in Holguín, is also the area of the greatest concentration of aboriginal archaeological remains in the Oriente of Cuba.
One of the biggest bays in the world and the biggest of Cuba, Nipes Bay, is among the 22 bays that exist in the province, which is also rich in order natural attributes, like forests and hills, the latter marked by their steep and abrupt tops.
Although Holguin was an agricultural region traditionally, at the moment it is one of the main industrial areas of Cuba. Called it The Earth of the Nickel, its production contributes 20% of the economic earning of the country for concept of exports.
The tourism in Holguin has reached a notable development in the last years and it will achieve to have an appreciable importance. The third Center of Tourism Attraction is considered in importance inside Cuba. It has many natural attractiveness and par excellence an unsurpassable beauty in its fields and beaches.